Fifth Principle of Urban Design: Build lighter, greener, smarter, cheaper. Every dollar spent on pavement creates one dollar's worth of damage to the environment.
Patrick Condon, University of British Columbia; Chair, Landscape and Livable Environments
Ross Island Vision Team: Envisioning Ross Island
The Institute has produced, with its partners at the Willamette Riverkeeper, Audubon Society of Portland, Greenworks, and other architects and landscape architects, a plan for Ross Island, Envisioning Ross Island (PDF), which lays out scenarios for how Ross and its sister islands Hardtack, East and Toe, might be managed as a unit with the Holgate Channel and the 160-acre, city-owned Oaks Bottom Wildlife Refuge as an urban wildlife refuge complex, public natural area park, and place to contemplate nature in the heart of downtown Portland.